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An "official seal" unearthed from the largest Han tomb in Guizhou, which is equivalent to the "identity card" of the tomb owner

Update: 2019-12-27 10:38 | Edit: Liuxian | Browse: 2798 | Comments: 0 | Source: News from Guizhou
Abstract: Based on cultural relics, with historical data as a shield, look at each other with jealousy, and look at each other with eagles. A colleague from Chongqing Three Gorges Museum called, hoping to replicate the first-level of the Qianxinan State Museum ...


Based on cultural relics and shielded by historical data,

Look at each other with jealousy, eagle eagles and read history.

A colleague from the Chongqing Three Gorges Museum called and hoped to copy the first-level cultural relic "Bajun Shouxuan" seal of Qianxinanzhou Museum, because the "Bajun" area has been excavated through archeology. So far, no seal with the official title of "Bajun landmark" has been found in the Han Dynasty . This is indeed a confusing question. How could a "Bajun" seal be unearthed in southwestern Guizhou, Guizhou?

"Ba Jun Shou" is printed on the tomb No. 14 of Xingren Jiaore, the largest Han tomb currently known in Guizhou. The tomb is a husband and wife burial tomb. The seal was unearthed in the men's room. It is a son-in-law seal, which is a seal made of two or three sides, so it is also called "overprint". It began in the Eastern Han Dynasty and was popular in Wei and Jin dynasties.


Seal of "Ba County Guard" (collected by Qianxinan State Museum)

The mother stamp is made of gilt bronze, which is divided into two parts: a stamp pad and a button, which are 3.1 cm high. The printing table is square, 2.1 cm in length and 1.1 cm in height. Four gods (Qinglong, Baihu, Suzaku, and Xuanwu) are carved on the wall around the platform. The four-character seal script "Ba Jun Shou" printed on the printed surface in Baiwen (engraved), read from right to left, has a straightforward atmosphere, has squared characters, and uniform and thick strokes, is a typical seal of the Han-Indian paradigm entering the mature period. According to the last line of the word "丞", the two corners of "Heng" were not upturned, which can be judged as the Eastern Han Dynasty.


Hollow pads are missing subprint positions

The Indian button is a unicorn, 2 cm high, with a right-handed, open mouth shape. The printing table is hollow, and is open at the top (under the unicorn) and in front (at the basalt pattern) for the sub-print. The seal was missing when it was unearthed, so the basalt pattern of the Four Gods is incomplete. The overprinted mother seal buttons are mostly female beasts, and the child seal buttons are mostly child beasts. There are also mother seal buttons as beast bodies, child seal buttons are beast heads, and daughter seal buttons are completely unrelated. For example, Fanfan Village, Sichuan Province, " The silver overprint unearthed from No. 9 tomb of Emperor Tomb (privately printed by Hou Liu Yue), the mother seal is a unicorn button, and the child seal is a tile button (residual) according to the photo observation. Therefore, it is not known why the sub seal of "Ba Jun Shou" is a button, but in order to ensure the integrity of the basalt pattern, the material is supposed to be copper gilt .


Overprint of silver unicorn button unearthed from Tomb No. 9 of "Imperial Tomb" in Fanfan Village, Sichuan Province (Source: Zhongxin Net / Photo)

According to the article "Scanning Electron Microscopy Analysis of the Gold Bronze Seal of Shouyu in East Hamba County, Guizhou" written by Ma Juan and others of Shaanxi Cultural and Security Research Institute, due to the serious mineralization and rust of the seal body, some of the gold was detached. The so-called gilt is gold-plated. In simple terms, the ancients used mercury and gold powder to stir evenly at a certain ratio, and repeatedly applied it on copper stamps. After heating, the mercury evaporated, and the gold powder was fixed on the surface of copper. After testing, the gold content of the Kirin button of this seal is higher than that of the stamp pad, indicating that the manufacturer hopes to better display the image of Kirin on the premise of saving gold powder. Because the lines of the four gods are relatively shallow, and the cinnabar is drawn and filled after the gold is carved, the pattern of the four gods is not completely preserved after the gold is detached.


"Ba Jun Shou" Indo-tai Blue Dragon Pattern (Residual)

Regarding "Bajun", according to the research of Pei Yue (son of Pei Song), a famous historian in the Southern Dynasty, Qin Wang unified the country and established 36 counties. Among them, Bajun is roughly located in the present Chongqing area , and its north is Hanzhong County. It is Shu County, its east is Qianzhong County, and its south is the southwestern region of Yungui area. After the extinction of the Qin Dynasty, the name of "Bajun" was adopted by the rulers of the Han Dynasty, and its jurisdiction expanded. During the Eastern Han Dynasty, Ba County governed Jiangzhou (Jiangbei District), Dangqu (Quxian County), Tongren (Yunyang County), Langzhong, Yufu (Fengjie County), Linjiang (Kaizhou District), and Li County (Fuling District). , Fuling, Dianjiang, Anhan (Nanchong), Pingdu (Fengdu), Chongguo (Xichong County), etc., the most south of the region once radiated to the area of Jiangyang County (presently Luzhou City), away from Guizhou Renshang is 400 kilometers away.

Regarding "Shouxuan", according to the "Dongdian" of Du You of the Tang Dynasty, the princes of Qin exterminated, using their land as a county, each of whom was Shou, Xun and Wei. Shou Zhimin, Wu Zuozhi, Wei Dianbing. During the King of the Western Han Dynasty, the county guard changed his name to Taishou. From this point of view, "Shouyu" is a civilian official who assists Taishou . Corresponding to today's official position, the Paxun prince is roughly equivalent to the secretary of the Chongqing Municipal Party Committee, the guardian is equivalent to the mayor, and the county captain is equivalent to the commander of the military region. Although ancient and modern can not be completely compared, according to Lu Lu can also see its clues. Although they are the county's principal officials, Lulu varies greatly. According to the "Hanshu", Taishou's annual salary is two thousand stones, and Shouxi and county captain are six hundred stones. According to the use level of official seals in the Han Dynasty, officials with more than 2,000 stones have silver seals (silver seals are cyan ribbons), and officials with more than 600 stones have bronze seals (black seals with copper seals). The "Ba Jun Shou" seal unearthed from No. 14 Jiao Le Tomb, although it is gilded on the surface, is bronze, indicating that the owner of the tomb did not dare to violate the etiquette.


"Ba County Mori" seal

The official seal is like an official seal, and the resignation must be returned. Therefore, although the official seal is engraved on the "Ba County Guardian Seal", it still belongs to a private seal. In addition to the overprint, the four gods, and the Kirin button, the seal can be judged as a tomb The master used it exclusively for burial. Regrettably, the factor seal is missing, and the name of the tomb owner is unknown. After the destruction of the Yelang Kingdom in the late Western Han Dynasty, Guizhou roughly belonged to the She County. According to "Huayang Guozhi? According to the "Nanzhongzhi", three "Southern China Celebrities" from Wuzhen County (present Qiannan) Yin Zhen, Pingyi County (present Bijie), Fu Bao and Yelang County (present Anshun) Yin Gong have gone out to be officials. Yin Zhen and Fu Bao served as eunuchs in Ba County, while Yin Gong served as Chang'an Ling and Peng Chengxiang. This shows that since the development of the Southwestern Dynasty by the Han Dynasty, the social economy and cultural education in Guizhou have improved. Therefore, it is speculated that the owner of the tomb should be a Confucian scholar in Guizhou . He once went to Shiba County to be an official. After returning to his hometown, he made the seal and buried it in accordance with the concept of "death is like life."
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An "official seal" unearthed from the largest Han tomb in Guizhou, which is equivalent to the "identity card" of the tomb owner

  • 浏览:2798 评论: 0 动静贵州 Edit: Liuxian 丨 Browse: 2798 Comment: 0 Dynamic Guizhou

  • Based on cultural relics and shielded by historical data,

    Look at each other with jealousy, eagle eagles and read history.

    A colleague from the Chongqing Three Gorges Museum called and hoped to copy the first-level cultural relic "Bajun Shouxuan" seal of Qianxinanzhou Museum, because the "Bajun" area has been excavated through archeology. So far, no seal with the official title of "Bajun landmark" has been found in the Han Dynasty. . This is indeed a confusing question. How could a "Bajun" seal be unearthed in southwestern Guizhou, Guizhou?

    "Ba Jun Shou" is printed on the tomb No. 14 of Xingren Jiaore, the largest Han tomb currently known in Guizhou. The tomb is a husband and wife burial tomb. The seal was unearthed in the men's room. It is a son-in-law seal, which is a seal made of two or three sides, so it is also called "overprint". It began in the Eastern Han Dynasty and was popular in Wei and Jin dynasties.


    Seal of "Ba County Guard" (collected by Qianxinan State Museum)

    The mother stamp is made of gilt bronze, which is divided into two parts: a stamp pad and a button, which are 3.1 cm high. The printing table is square, 2.1 cm in length and 1.1 cm in height. Four gods (Qinglong, Baihu, Suzaku, and Xuanwu) are carved on the wall around the platform. The four-character seal script "Ba Jun Shou" printed on the printed surface in Baiwen (engraved), read from right to left, has a straightforward atmosphere, has squared characters, and uniform and thick strokes, is a typical seal of the Han-Indian paradigm entering the mature period. According to the last line of the word "丞", the two corners of "Heng" were not upturned, which can be judged as the Eastern Han Dynasty.


    Hollow pads are missing subprint positions

    The Indian button is a unicorn, 2 cm high, with a right-handed, open mouth shape. The printing table is hollow, and is open at the top (under the unicorn) and in front (at the basalt pattern) for the sub-print. The seal was missing when it was unearthed, so the basalt pattern of the Four Gods is incomplete. The overprinted mother seal buttons are mostly female beasts, and the child seal buttons are mostly child beasts. There are also mother seal buttons as beast bodies, child seal buttons are beast heads, and daughter seal buttons are completely unrelated. For example, Fanfan Village, Sichuan Province, " The silver overprint unearthed from No. 9 tomb of Emperor Tomb (privately printed by Hou Liu Yue), the mother seal is a unicorn button, and the child seal is a tile button (residual) according to the photo observation. Therefore, it is not known why the sub seal of "Ba Jun Shou" is a button, but in order to ensure the integrity of the basalt pattern, the material is supposed to be copper gilt .


    Overprint of silver unicorn button unearthed from Tomb No. 9 of "Imperial Tomb" in Fanfan Village, Sichuan Province (Source: Zhongxin Net / Photo)

    According to the article "Scanning Electron Microscopy Analysis of the Gold Bronze Seal of Shouyu in East Hamba County, Guizhou" written by Ma Juan and others of Shaanxi Cultural and Security Research Institute, due to the severe mineralization and rusting of the seal body, some of the gold was separated. The so-called gilt is gold-plated. In simple terms, the ancients used mercury and gold powder to stir evenly at a certain ratio, and repeatedly applied it on copper stamps. After heating, the mercury evaporated, and the gold powder was fixed on the surface of copper. After testing, the gold content of the Kirin button of this seal is higher than that of the stamp pad, indicating that the manufacturer hopes to better display the image of Kirin on the premise of saving gold powder. Because the lines of the four gods are relatively shallow, and the cinnabar is drawn and filled after the gold is carved, the pattern of the four gods is not completely preserved after the gold is detached.


    "Ba Jun Shou" Indo-tai Blue Dragon Pattern (Residual)

    Regarding "Bajun", according to the research of Pei Yue (son of Pei Song), a famous historian in the Southern Dynasty, Qin Wang unified the country and established 36 counties. Among them, Bajun is roughly located in the present Chongqing area , and its north is Hanzhong County. It is Shu County, its east is Qianzhong County, and its south is the southwestern region of Yungui area. After the extinction of the Qin Dynasty, the name of "Bajun" was adopted by the rulers of the Han Dynasty, and its jurisdiction expanded. During the Eastern Han Dynasty, Ba County governed Jiangzhou (Jiangbei District), Dangqu (Quxian County), Tongren (Yunyang County), Langzhong, Yufu (Fengjie County), Linjiang (Kaizhou District), and Li County (Fuling District). , Fuling, Dianjiang, Anhan (Nanchong), Pingdu (Fengdu), Chongguo (Xichong County), etc., the most south of the region once radiated to the area of Jiangyang County (presently Luzhou City), away from Guizhou Renshang is 400 kilometers away.

    Regarding "Shouxuan", according to the "Dongdian" of Du You of the Tang Dynasty, the princes of Qin exterminated, using their land as a county, each of whom was Shou, Xun and Wei. Shou Zhimin, Wu Zuozhi, Wei Dianbing. During the King of the Western Han Dynasty, the county guard changed his name to Taishou. From this point of view, "Shouyu" is a civilian official who assists Taishou . Corresponding to today's official position, the Paxun prince is roughly equivalent to the secretary of the Chongqing Municipal Party Committee, the guardian is equivalent to the mayor, and the county captain is equivalent to the commander of the military region. Although ancient and modern can not be completely compared, according to Lu Lu can also see its clues. Although they are the county's principal officials, Lulu varies greatly. According to the "Hanshu", Taishou's annual salary is two thousand stones, and Shouxi and county captain are six hundred stones. According to the use level of official seals in the Han Dynasty, officials with more than 2,000 stones have silver seals (silver seals are cyan ribbons), and officials with more than 600 stones have bronze seals (black seals with copper seals). The "Ba Jun Shou" seal unearthed from No. 14 Jiao Le Tomb, although it is gilded on the surface, is bronze, indicating that the owner of the tomb did not dare to violate the etiquette.


    "Ba County Mori" seal

    The official seal is like an official seal, and the resignation must be returned. Therefore, although the official seal is engraved on the "Ba County Guardian Seal", it still belongs to a private seal. In addition to the overprint, the four gods, and the Kirin button, the seal can be judged as a tomb. The master used it exclusively for burial. Regrettably, the factor seal is missing, and the name of the tomb owner is unknown. After the destruction of the Yelang Kingdom in the late Western Han Dynasty, Guizhou roughly belonged to the She County. According to "Huayang Guozhi? According to the "Nanzhongzhi", three "Southern China Celebrities" from Wuzhen County (present Qiannan) Yin Zhen, Pingyi County (present Bijie), Fu Bao and Yelang County (present Anshun) Yin Gong have gone out to be officials. Yin Zhen and Fu Bao served as eunuchs in Ba County, while Yin Gong served as Chang'an Ling and Peng Chengxiang. This shows that since the development of the Southwestern Dynasty by the Han Dynasty, the social economy and cultural education in Guizhou have improved. Therefore, it is speculated that the owner of the tomb should be a Confucian scholar in Guizhou . He once went to Shiba County to be an official. After returning to his hometown, he made the seal and buried it in accordance with the concept of "death is like life."

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